“Immediate action” needed for security in Haiti: Trudeau of Canada Political news

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has said immediate action is needed to rectify the security situation in Haiti, which has been in the throes of a deepening constitutional crisis since the assassination of President Yovenel Moiz last year.

Trudeau said the additional aid to Haiti would be a central topic of discussion during Friday’s virtual meeting, which included cabinet officials from Canada, the United States, France and other countries.

Haiti has faced growing political instability and an atmosphere of violence in neighborhoods dominated by criminal gangs since Moses was assassinated on July 7, 2021, when gunmen stormed his residence in the capital, Port-au-Prince.

Early on Friday, which hosted Canada, Trudeau said Haiti’s allies must act immediately to help tackle the peak of violence, which is exacerbating an already precarious humanitarian situation.

“In order to meet Haiti’s humanitarian needs, we must also deal with the challenging security situation. “The increase in violence is only exacerbating the already precarious humanitarian situation,” he said.

“This will require immediate action to alleviate the violence … we also need to address the deep governance problems that are fueling the current political and security crisis. This includes taking action against corruption. “

Photo by Jovenel MoiseCanadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said on Friday that Haiti’s allies must act immediately to help deal with the peak of violence [File: Ricardo Arduengo/Reuters]

The meeting comes as Haiti faces multilateral crises with economic, humanitarian and security aspects and an impending leadership deadline. Moses’ assassination has complicated the fragile political situation, creating more insecurity in a nation that is already battling widespread poverty and natural disasters.

Mois ruled by decree for more than a year, from January 2020, and his opponents said his presidency should end in February 2021.

He claimed inconsistently that his term would end on February 7, 2022. Two days before his death, he nominated Ariel Henry as the next prime minister. Henry is now acting, and many observers believe his term should also end on February 7.

Many sections of Haiti’s civil society are calling for “agreements” that would allow consensual leadership for the country as it waits to renew its institutions through elections – although different factions differ on what the agreement should contain.

Henry himself claims to be leading such an agreement, called the “September 11 agreement”. Competing agreements have also been developed in recent months. The main rival to Henry’s plan is the Montana Agreement, which has the support of Haitian civil society leaders.

With the looming battle between Henry’s government and parts of civil society, Canadian Ambassador to Haiti Sebastian Carrier said Canada would not take sides.

But in July, the core group – a group of ambassadors from Germany, Brazil, Canada, Spain, the United States, France, the European Union and representatives of the United Nations and the Organization of American States – came out in support of Henry, urging him to form a government.

Many civil rights activists in Haiti condemned the statement by the main group at the time, including journalist and activist Monique Kleska, who called it “interference”.

“What’s worse is that this is being done while civil society and political parties are meeting to decide the way forward!” Kleska wrote on Twitter on July 17.

Defenders of the rights of Haiti and other civil society groups have called on the international community to allow Haitians to determine the outcome of the ongoing crises facing their country, which has a long history of foreign intervention.

Ottawa said Friday’s meeting would include representatives from the United Nations, the Caribbean and the Organization of American States (OAS).

Carrier, the Canadian ambassador, meanwhile, said security remained a key issue. “I see a population held hostage by insecurity,” he told the Associated Press.

Armed guardsCanada says elections are inevitable in Haiti due to institutional collapse, but no date yet [File: Ralph Tedy Erol/Reuters]

“Canada believes that security must be restored before elections … In this context, it would be very difficult to have elections, especially with competing political agreements,” he said.

Henry promised to hold elections this year, but no date has been set.

He tweeted on Friday that he wanted democratic institutions to return to normal and would hand over power to elected officials as soon as possible, adding that transitional bodies would be formally installed in the coming days, including a temporary election council.

He also acknowledged Haiti’s plight. “There is an urgent need to tackle these problems and find lasting solutions,” he wrote. “I am convinced that the main reason for this situation lies mainly in absolute poverty, in which a significant part of our population lives.

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