Cincinnati, Ohio, United States – Finding tourniquets, first aid kits, thermal underwear and socks is foremost in the mind of Cincinnati transplant Evgenia Nemirovska De Santos as she sits in an office space turned storage facility north of the US city.
A native of Kyiv and now a volunteer with Cincy4Ukraine, a group assisting territorial defense volunteers fighting to hold off Russian forces across Ukraine, Nemirovska De Santos’s world has been turned upside down by the Russian invasion of her homeland.
“We need medical supplies,” she tells Al Jazeera, reading from a list of requested items sent to her from contacts in the Ukrainian capital. “Any medical supplies.”
Last Thursday, Nemirovska De Santos and a team of volunteers loaded more than 700kg of aid – socks, boots and radios for Ukrainian territorial defense members, as well as nappies and foodstuffs – into a truck that was then driven 1,025km (637 miles) east to New Jersey, where a Ukrainian shipping company’s headquarters is located. It was then flown to Warsaw and taken over the border to Ukraine.
She says the day-to-day situation facing territorial defense volunteers she is in regular contact with is terrible. “They are wearing sneakers in the cold; the conditions are freezing. They can’t even take showers and keep themselves clean. “
Thousands of kilometers from the front lines of the war in Ukraine, Nemirovska De Santos is part of a growing legion of volunteers in Ohio, a Midwestern state home to about 43,000 people of Ukrainian heritage, that is stepping up to help with the fallout of the Russian invasion.
Refugee influx expected
But volunteers are not the only ones currently in crisis mode.
Ohio’s state government is gearing up to deal with an expected influx of refugees. On Thursday, a summit called by Governor Mike DeWine is taking place in Parma, a suburb of Cleveland that is home to about 4,000 Ukrainian immigrants.
“While we don’t yet know what role Ohio will play in helping these families, I want us to be prepared when the time comes,” DeWine said when he announced the summit last week.
Charity organizations, refugee resettlement agencies, state agencies, local Ukrainian communities and other interested parties will convene at a local Ukrainian church hall to prepare for Ukrainian refugees that will be in need of resettlement in the United States.
“We have such a vibrant Ukrainian community here in northeast Ohio that it would make sense to bring refugees here,” said Roman Fedkiw, committee chair of the Ukrainian Village district in Parma, who has family members in western Ukraine. “We have our churches, our banks, we have our Ukrainian schools. This would make them feel at home. ”
Ukrainian immigrants have enjoyed a long and storied history in the Rust Belt.
“The first Ukrainian immigrants began moving to Ohio in the late 19th century and they ended up working in industry and manufacturing – in steel plants, for example,” said Marianna Klochko, president of the Ukrainian Cultural Association of Ohio, and a sociology professor at the Ohio State University in Columbus.
“Later, a second wave of people displaced during World War II relocated to the US, to Cleveland in particular.”
In 1989, the year the Berlin Wall fell, Cincinnati and Ukraine’s currently besieged city of Kharkiv were united as sister cities. Today, the neighboring state of Pennsylvania is home to the second-largest number of Ukrainian Americans at an estimated 122,000 people. Nationwide, Americans of Ukrainian heritage number more than 1 million people, according to the US Census Bureau.
But for those hoping to assist displaced Ukrainians seeking to reach safety in the US, challenges remain. Under the Trump administration, the admittance rate for refugees fell from nearly 85,000 people in 2016 to less than 12,000 in 2020, and the so-called “Muslim ban” saw residents from several Muslim-majority countries temporarily banned from entering the country.
As a result, the US resettlement system, charged with processing thousands of refugee applications from at-risk people around the world every year, is also slowed. While President Joe Biden has raised the refugee admissions cap, the system continues to face delays.
“Within the United States, refugee resettlement had taken a pause and shrunk,” said Michael Murphy, program manager for refugee resettlement at the Catholic Social Services of the Miami Valley, in Dayton, Ohio.
Still, those working in the resettlement sector believe the system is ready to get up and running again. “Now, it’s back in a space where it’s expanding back to its traditional numbers and services,” Murphy added.
With her own family members now strewn across Ukraine, and more than three million forced to flee to neighboring countries, according to the United Nations, Nemirovska De Santos in Cincinnati is hoping the US will soon make it easier for displaced Ukrainians to escape the violence and seek refuge in the country.
Currently, residents of 32 European countries can travel to the US under a visa waiver. But Ukrainian nationals are not among them. “We are asking the White House to really speed up the immigration process,” she said.
For her, the past three weeks have been a nightmarish blur where everyday life has ceased to exist. She said the deaths of Ukrainians have placed a significant psychological burden on her and others watching their country go up in flames from afar.
“The dishes aren’t getting done, the laundry hasn’t been done for three weeks, my fridge is empty,” Nemirovska De Santos said. “I know that I need to switch off, but it’s hard to do because they still need us as volunteers in foreign countries.”