Timeline: Burkina Faso from popular uprising to military riots News

Soldiers staged riots in parts of the country on Sunday as Burkina Faso continues to suffer from unrest and armed violence since 2014.

The Burkina Faso government has rejected reports of a coup following riots in several army barracks.

Frustration in the West African country has grown in recent months due to deteriorating security.

Burkina Faso has been suffering from unrest and armed violence since 2014, when longtime President Blaise Compaore was ousted.

Here is a chronology of events leading up to Sunday events:

The fall of Compaore

Compaore took power in a 1987 coup and solidified his position four years later, securing the first of four election victories. But his triumph in 2010 was challenged, as was his attempt to amend the constitution and extend his rule.

After being forced to power by street protests in 2014, he took refuge in Côte d’Ivoire, and on November 29, 2015, former Prime Minister and Speaker of the Roch Mark National Assembly Christian Cabore was elected his successor.

Since 2015, the northern part of the country, the capital Ouagadougou and the eastern part have begun to suffer regular kidnappings and attacks by armed groups linked to Al Qaeda or ISIL (ISIL).

On January 15, 2016, an attack on the Splendid Hotel and a restaurant in Ouagadougou killed 30 people, most of them Westerners. The first attack of this magnitude in the country was a great shock.

In November 2017, French-backed G5 forces launched joint cross-border operations in Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger.

Attacks intensify, Cabore is re-elected

On March 2, 2018, simultaneous attacks were directed at French forces and the embassy of the former colonial power, killing eight soldiers and injuring 85 people.

At the end of the same year, a state of emergency was declared in several provinces.

Since 2019, attacks have become almost commonplace, leading to the dismissal of the head of the armed forces and the formation of a new government.

On December 24, 42 people were killed in an attack by about 200 fighters on a military base in Arbinda, near the border with Mali.

Burkina Faso President Roch Mark Christian CaboreRoch Mark Christian Cabore at a pre-election rally ahead of the November 2020 presidential election. [File: Zohra Bensemra/Reuters]

Cabore was re-elected on November 22, 2020, but continuing uncertainty meant that hundreds of thousands of people could not vote.

The opposition accused Cabore of electoral fraud and refused to acknowledge the result.

Growing civil unrest

Between 132 and 160 people were killed in a June 2021 attack on the northeastern village of Solhan in the worst attack in six years.

The killings sparked demonstrations against insecurity, and defense and security ministers were fired.

On August 18, an attack on the north killed 65 civilians and 15 police officers.

In October, the president replaced the military chief.

The trial also began for the assassination of former President Thomas Sankara 34 years earlier. Compaore, the main defendant, was not present.

On November 14, at least 57 people, 53 of them gendarmes, were killed in an attack on a police station in Ina in the north, sparking further protests.

The Burkinabe and Niger militias say they have eliminated nearly 100 “terrorists” during an operation on their common border between November 25th and December 9th.

A new government, but an elusive peace

On December 8, 2021, Christophe Dabire resigned as Prime Minister and handed over the reins to Lasina Zerbo, who insisted on national unity.

On December 23, 41 people were killed in another armed attack in the north.

Protesters take to the streets of Burkina Faso's capital, OuagadougouProtesters took to the streets of Ouagadougou on January 22, 2022, protesting against the government’s inability to stop armed attacks across the country and calling on President Roh Mark Christian Cabore to resign [Sophie Garcia/AP Photo]

The past month has seen a further wave of attacks and a roar of discontent in the armed forces, reflecting those among the general population.

Police in Ouagadougou clashed with protesters on Saturday in protest of a government crackdown on armed threats.

On Sunday, soldiers in several army barracks revolted, but the government denied a coup.

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