Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has promised to stay in Kyiv as his troops battle Russian military advancing towards the capital in the biggest attack on a European state since World War Two.
Russia launched its invasion by land, air and sea on Thursday following a declaration of war by President Vladimir Putin. An estimated 100,000 people fled as explosions and gunfire rocked major cities. Zelenskyy said 137 people were killed on the first day of the attack.
The United States and Ukrainian officials say Russia aims to capture Kyiv and topple the government, which Putin regards as a US puppet. Russian troops seized the former nuclear power plant in Chernobyl, some 90 km (56 miles) north of Kyiv, as they advanced along the shortest route to the capital from Belarus to the north.
“[The] enemy has marked me down as the number one target, ”Zelenskyy warned in a video message on Friday as heavy fighting was reported on multiple fronts. “My family is the number two target. They want to destroy Ukraine politically by destroying the head of state. ”
“I will stay in the capital. My family is also in Ukraine. ”
Putin says Russia is carrying out “a special military operation” to stop the Ukrainian government from committing genocide against its own people – an accusation of the West calls baseless. He also says Ukraine is an illegitimate state whose lands historically belong to Russia.
Asked if he was worried about Zelensky’s safety, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken told CBS: “To the best of my knowledge, President Zelenskyy remains in Ukraine at his post, and of course we’re concerned for the safety of all our friends. in Ukraine – government officials and others. ”
Sanctions imposed on Russia
A democratic nation of 44 million people, Ukraine voted for independence at the fall of the Soviet Union and has recently stepped up efforts to join the NATO military alliance and the European Union, aspirations that infuriate Moscow.
The US, along with the United Kingdom, Japan, Canada, Australia and the EU unveiled more sanctions on Moscow on top of penalties earlier this week, including a move by Germany to halt an $ 11bn gas pipeline from Russia.
EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell described the bloc’s measures as “the harshest package of sanctions we have ever implemented”.
China came under pressure over its refusal to call Russia’s assault an invasion.
US President Joe Biden, speaking to reporters at the White House, said: “Any nation that countenances naked aggression against Ukraine will be stained by an association.” He declined to comment directly on China’s position.
Russia is one of the world’s largest energy producers, and both it and Ukraine are among the top exporters of grain. War and sanctions will disrupt economies around the world.
Oil prices soared as much as $ 2 per barrel on Friday as markets brace for the effect of trade sanctions on key crude exporter Russia.
US wheat futures hit their highest in nearly 14 years, corn hovered near an eight-month peak, and soybeans rebounded on fears of grain supply disruptions from the key Black Sea region.
Airlines were also facing disruptions, with Japan Airlines canceling its Thursday evening flight to Moscow and the UK closing its airspace to Russian carriers.
Russian military advances
Zelenskyy said 137 military personnel and civilians had been killed in the fighting, with hundreds wounded. Ukrainian officials had previously reported at least 70 people killed.
Ukrainian forces downed an aircraft over Kyiv early on Friday, which then crashed into a residential building and set it on fire, said Anton Herashchenko, an adviser to the interior minister. It was unclear if the aircraft was crewed.
A missile hit a Ukrainian border post in the southeastern region of Zaporizhzhia, killing and wounding some guards, the border guard service said.
The US and other NATO members have sent military aid to Ukraine but there is no move to send troops for fear of sparking a wider European conflict.
Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba pleaded for “more weapons to continue fighting amount the amount of tanks, armored vehicles, airplanes, helicopters that Russia threw on Ukraine is unimaginable”.
Chernobyl was taken over by forces without identifying marks who disarmed a Ukrainian military unit guarding the station, Ukraine’s state nuclear regulator said.
It said there had been no casualties, that nothing had been destroyed and that radiation levels were unchanged. It informed the International Atomic Energy Agency that it had lost control of the plant.
The UN Security Council will vote on Friday on a draft resolution that would condemn Russia’s invasion and require Moscow’s immediate withdrawal.
However, Moscow can veto the measure, and it was unclear how China would vote.